понедельник, 22 декабря 2014 г.

Toulon fortifications in 1707 (Siege of Toulon 1707, part IV)

Toulon fortifications in 1707
from Kloot's drawing
(CLICK TO ENLARGE)
Toulon in 1707 was a well-fortified town with a modern earth wall with 7 bastions. They were well-armed with cannons from disarmed ships of Toulon squadron (link). There were two gates, one (St. Lazare) between Minims & St. Bernard bastions, & the other (New) between Royal & Arsenal bastions.   
Toulon fortifications (see at the left):
A - Mimins bastion
B - St. Bernard bastion
C - St. Ursule bastion 
D - De la Fonderie (Foundry) bastion
E - Royal bastion
F - Arsenal bastion
G - Du Marais a Gauche
H - batteries at New Dock
I - batteries at Old Dock
J - Ponche-Rimade bastion
K - earth redoubt at Minims bastion
L - entrenched field camp
Toulon bastion's armament in 1707 (from east to west):
Bastion
On bastion
On curtain
Mortars
Bullets
Bombs
Minims
22 24-pdr
9 24-pdr
2 16-inches
3100
400

St. Bernard
4 36-pdr
26 24-pdr
6 24-pdr
2 15-inches
1 9-inches
3600
500
St. Ursule
4 36-pdr
21 24-pdr
18 24-pdr
2 16-inches
4300
400
De la Fonderie
24 24-pdr
18 36-pdr
2 15-inches
4200
400
Royal
35 24-pdr
12 24-pdr
1 15-inches
3700
600
L’Arsenal
35 24-pdr
-
1 15-inches
2 9-inches
3500
600
Du Marais a Gauche
4 12-pdr
4 8-pdr (in casemates)
-
nd
nd
The total is 242 cannons & 13 mortars.
Bastion Ponche-Rimade was armed with 6 cannons (of 24-pdr?), batteries at New dock – 8 cannons, batteries at Old dock – 2 cannons & 2 mortars.  
Also French built entrenched camp for a field army to the north from a town. Its continuous revetment was from Ursula bastion to the hills & was well armed with naval cannons. According to Londe the artillery of the entrenched camp & forts around Toulon totaled 204 cannons & 5 mortars.

Allies bombarded only Minims, St. Bernard & Ponche-Rimade bastions during the siege. 

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