пятница, 4 апреля 2014 г.

Russian Auxiliary Corps on Polish-Saxon service, 10 Dec 1705

Below is a table of the Auxiliary Corps dated 10 December 1705 from Russian State Archive of the Ancient Acts. There were 10 battalions totaled 6,523 men. It’s close to the strength of the Russian troops at Fraustadt (6,362 men in 10 batts) 2 months later from Schuster & Francke’s Geschichte der sachsischen Armee von deren Errichtung bis auf neueste Zeit (Band 1, S. 167). The same list of troops is in the Oskar Sjöström’s Fraustadt 1706.
Nine battalions were of 8 coys, Streltzy under Cadeus - 4 (see more). Corps commander was Russian GL Johann Reinhold Patkul, his second-in-command was Saxon GM Hans Hermann Wostromirski von Rockittnigk. 
Battalions: 1 – Grenadiers, 2 – first Patkul, 3 – second Patkul (ex-Lewinston), 4 – Holstein, 5 – Arnstedt, 6 – Belling, 7 – Gulits, 8 – Bils, 9 – Schonning, 10 – Streltzy (under captain Cadeus)
Battalions:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Total
colonel
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
4
lieutenant-colonel
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
0
11
major
1
1
2
1
1
0
2
1
2
1
12
regimental adjutant
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
8
auditor
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
9
ober-auditor
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
priest
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
7
regimental clerk
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
8
doctor
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
3
doctor's assistant
1
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
4
(unreadable)
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
3
capten d'arms
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
7
profos
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
8
hoboist
0
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
55
batman
0
14
14
15
15
14
15
17
15
6
126
ammunition servants
0
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
4
4
35
captain
8
8
8
8
7
8
8
7
7
3
72
lieutenant
7
8
8
6
6
6
6
6
6
3
62
ensign
0
7
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
2
50
sergeant
16
15
16
17
17
16
16
16
16
8
152
gefreitor-corporal
0
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
4
68
company's capten d'arms
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
4
76
company's clerck
8
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
1
4
65
corporal
24
23
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
16
231
drummer
16
15
16
16
15
16
16
16
16
8
152
gefreitors & privates
525
520
516
518
517
513
515
520
517
328
4984
batman (company)
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
23
11
226
tent servant
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
4
76
Total
649
690
681
683
682
679
682
688
676
413
6523

Русский вспомогательный корпус на польско-саксонской службе, 10 декабря 1705 г.

                Ниже приведена «Табела вспомошного корпуса 10 декабря 1705» (РГАДА. Ф. 9. Отд. II. Д. 4. Л. 719). Согласно этим данным вспомогательный корпус состоял из 10 батальонов и насчитывал 10 декабря 1705 г. 6 523 чел. Это близко к данным о численности корпуса при Фрауштадте 13 февраля 1706 (10 батальонов и 6 362 чел) приведенным в работе Schuster O., Francke F. Geschichte der sachsischen Armee von deren Errichtung bis auf neueste Zeit. Band 1, Leipzig, 1885. S. 167. Такие же данные об организации (10 батальонов, причем именно этих) указаны и в работе Sjöström О. Fraustadt 1706. К сожалению, я нашел этот документ уже после публикации своей статьи в Цейхе.

Девять батальонов состояли из 8 рот, стрельцы капитана Кадеуса - 4 (см подробнее).  Корпусом командовал генерал-поручик русской службы Иоганн Рейнгольд Паткуль, начальником штаба - генерал-майор саксонской службы Ганс Герман Востромирски. 
Полки: 1 – гренадерский батальон, 2 – 1-й батальон Паткуля, 3 – 2-й батальон Паткуля, 4 – Гольштейн, 5 – Арнштедт, 6 – Беллинг, 7 – Гулиц, 8 – бильс, 9 – Шоннинг, 10 – стрельцы Кадеуса
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Всего
полковник
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
4
подполковник
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
0
11
майор
1
1
2
1
1
0
2
1
2
1
12
полковой адъютант
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
8
аудитор
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
9
обер-аудитор
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
священник
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
7
писарь
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
8
лекарь
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
3
лекарский помощник
1
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
4
… (неразб)
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
3
каптенармус
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
7
профос
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
8
гобоисты
0
7
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
55
денщик
0
14
14
15
15
14
15
17
15
6
126
слуги при амуниции
0
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
4
4
35
капитан
8
8
8
8
7
8
8
7
7
3
72
поручик
7
8
8
6
6
6
6
6
6
3
62
прапорщик
0
7
5
6
6
6
6
6
6
2
50
сержант
16
15
16
17
17
16
16
16
16
8
152
гефрейтор-капрал
0
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
4
68
каптенармус
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
4
76
ротный писарь
8
7
8
8
8
8
8
8
1
4
65
капрал
24
23
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
16
231
барабанщик
16
15
16
16
15
16
16
16
16
8
152
гефрейтеров и рядовых
525
520
516
518
517
513
515
520
517
328
4984
денщики
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
24
23
11
226
полаточные слуги
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
4
76
ИТОГО
649
690
681
683
682
679
682
688
676
413
6523


4 комментария:

  1. Not a bad career by Patkul - a captain of infantry in Riga (and a very insubordinate and troublesome one as well) and then a decade later Lieutenant General. It shows a lot of confidence aand also says a lot about Patkul's ability to get noticed.

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    Ответы
    1. I belive that he was an experienced politician & adviser (August the Strong & Peter the Great both respected him), & a pretty good intellegence officer (he provided Russian officials detailed reports about European affairs with copies of various papers). But he was a mediorce military commander (my friend & me are researching now his the only military campaign in autumn of 1704). And his man problem was a very bad character.

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  2. In some cases the information he provided may not have been entirely accurats, for example when he claimed to represent the nobility of Livonia and signed agreements in their name. I think he may well have let his personal agenda colour his reports.

    As for his character the chancery official Nils Reuterholm, who for a short time was Patkul's prisoner, has much to say. According to Reuterholm Patkul told him stories of his childhood and youth, for example how he once tried to drown a teacher he didn't like. The Baltic historian Carl Schirren grew up admiring Patkul and intended to write a biography of him, but the more material Schirren gathered (and it was a lot) the more he came to dislike Patkul. So the intended full scale biography never appeared.

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  3. In light of what happened later it's arther amusing to read Patkul's letter of gratitude after having been appointed captain in Governor General Hastfehr's regiment (LVVA, fond 7349, op. 2, vol. 195, pp. 4-5). Hastfehr is, Patkul writes, his great benefactor and the only person behind Patkul's present good fortunes. Being under Hastfehrs protection made him feel secure etc. etc.

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