среда, 10 сентября 2014 г.

Russian artillery in Narva campaign of 1700

- 45-pdr Dutch-made siege cannon casted in 1634 by E.Wageward
- 3-pdr regimental cannon of 1699 pattern
(Cannons looks of the similar size, but in a reality the top cannon
 was 4-5 times longer)
- 45-фунтовая пищаль «40-фунтовая картауна», 
изготовленная в 1634 г. голландским мастером Эвергардом
Вегевардом по заказу российского правительства;
- 3-фунтовая полковая пушка,изготовленная в 1699–1700 
(7207) г. Л. Жихаревым на Московском пушечном дворе
Пушки выглядят одинаково, но на самом деле верхняя 
была в 4-5 раз больше
Drawing by J. Thelott (Armemuseum, Stockholm)
A couple of years ago Alexey Lobin & me published a material about Russian artillery at Narva: Великанов В.С. Лобин А.Н. Русская артиллерия в Нарвском походе 1700 г. // Военно-исторический журнал "Старый Цейхгауз", № 48 (4/2012). М. 2012. СС. 3-10 (see the full Russia text here, link). There were 195 Russian cannons in that campaign: 64 siege cannons, 79 regimental cannons, 4 howitzers & 48 mortars (incl. 22 captured in a train at Yam soon after the battle). 16 of the siege cannons were casted in Holland in 1634-36 for Russian government (see details here, link). Their calibers were 45-58 pounds. 9 siege cannons were casted in Russia in 1590-1634. They had individual names & were rich-decorated, their calibers were 15-40 pounds. Other siege cannons didn’t have individual decorations to attribute them. Out of 79 regimental cannons 64 were 3-pdr cannons of 1699 pattern (see details here, link). Below is a table with details of 173 Russian cannons participated in the siege of Narva in 1700 (22 mortars didn’t have time to arrive):

Cannon
Number
Calibre (pdr)
Year of cast
Dutch-made
1
45
1634
Dutch-made
3
47
1634-1636
Dutch-made
7
50
1634-1636
Dutch-made
3
55
1634-1636
Dutch-made
2
58
1634-1636
“Lev” (Lion)
1
40
1590
“Medved” (Bear)
1
40
1590
“Solovey” (Nightingale)
1
25
1590

“Ranomyzskaya”
1
20
1688
“Bars” (Ounce)
1
18
1634
“Granovitaia”
1
18
1634
“Solovey” (Nightingale)
1
15
1634
“Levik” (young lion)
1
15
1636
“Levik” (young lion)
1
15
1636
Unnamed
1
28
?
Unnamed
3
24
?
Unnamed
1
22
?
Unnamed
11
11
?
Unnamed
6
10
?
Field
17
6
1553-1590
Regimental of 1699 pattern
64
3
1699-1700
Regimental
15
1 ½ - 3
1620-1640-е
Howitzer
4
20
1698
mortars
26
80-120
1655-1699

2 комментария:

  1. Interesting info! Though I would like to know if there will be a post about the Battle of Jungfernhof?

    Best Regards /Gustav

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