вторник, 9 ноября 2010 г.

Russian BO at Narva on 19/30 Nov, 1700 by Fer & Wolff.



There is no any Russian documents about Russian BO at Narva on 19/30 Nov, 1700. The only available data are from Swedish side. As far as I know the earliest plan with Russian BO was made by Nicolas de Fer (1646-1720) in 1701 in Paris.
Plan de Narva... 30 Novembre 1700
by N. de Fer, Paris, 1701
(Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal)
The best known map is from Adlerfeld’s The military history of Charles XII, King of Sweden (1740). It was was made by Zacharias Wolff (1667-1726), an engineer in the Holstein army. In 1700 he was Oberstleutnant and Vice-Commandant of Tonning fortress. So, he didn’t participate in the Narwa battle. The sources he based on are unknown. The exact date of his map is also unknown.
Plan de la ville de Narva... 20 de November 1700
by Z. von Wolff, no data

Comparison of the Fer’s & Wolff’s BOs with list of Russian troops participated in the Narva campaign.
Important note: troops in Fer’s & Wolff’s plans are given in battle order; Russian sources don’t have any BO, only a list of troops
#
N. de Fer
Z. Wolff’s BO
Russian sources
Comments

Right flank (Golovin’s Division)
1
Preobrazenskiy
Preobrazenskiy
Preobrazenskiy
In beg. Of 1700: 1st half of 3rd Moscow Vyborni regiment
2
Semenovskiy
Semenovskiy
Semenovskiy
In beg. Of 1700: 2ndt half of 3rd Moscow Vyborni regiment
3
Fliverck
Fliverck
Fliverck

4
Schnevens
Schnevens
Schnevens
Dragoons
5
Ivanicki
Ivanicki
Ivanicki

6
Meves
Meves
Meves

7
Bilts
Bilts
Bilts

8
Pohlman
Pohlman
Bolman

9
Deuniz Sohn





Treyden
Treyden
There were 2 Treydens, Ivan & Matvei (=Mathew)
10

Gordon
?
Gordon was in Weide’s Division
11


Treyden
Second Treyden not mentioned by Wolff
12

Dewits
Dewson


9 regiments
11 regiments
11 regiments
= 2 Guards, 8 foot & 1 dragoon

Center (Trubetskoi’s Division)
13
Columb

Culom (=Colomn)
Foot regiment raised in 1700 in Novgorod
14
Westhof
Weltheff
Westov (=Westgof)
There were 2 Westovs: Zakhariy was a colonel of Novgorod Streltzy, Yuri – Pskov Streltzy
15
Briech
Britsch
Bruce
Foot regiment raised in 1700 in Novgorod
16
Amirof
Amirof
Baishev, Miron
Novgorod Streltzy
17
Baihoff
Beyhoff
?
? The same troop, Novgorod Streltzy of Miron Baishev?
18
Schneven


?
19
Strakaloff
Strakaloff

Strekalov Stepan, Belgorod Streltzy
20
Gelchaninoff
Gelchaninoff

Elchaninov Vasiliy, Belgorod Streltzy
21
Sukaref
Sukaref

Sukharev Martemian, Belgorod Streltzy
22


Westov, Yuri
Pskov Streltzy
23


Kosodavlev
Pskov Streltzy






9 regiments
7 regiments
6 regiments
= 2 foot, 2 Novgorod & 2 Pskov Streltzy

Left flank (Weide’s Division)
23
Lima
Lima
Lim, Yuri
2nd Moscow Vyborni regiment, also known as Lefortovskiy
24
Gordon
Gordon
Gordon, Alexander

25
Gulits
Gulits
Gulits, Efim
Dragoons
26
Dreden
Dreden
?
Second Treyden from Golovin’s Division?
27
Werden
Werden
Werden, Irik

28
Balck jun.
Balck jun.
Balck, Fedor

29
Schweiden
Schweiden
Schweiden, Vilim

30
Junger
Junger
Junger

31
Balck senior
Balck senior
Balck, Nikolai

32
Delden, Wilhelm
Delden
Delden, Vilim

33
Delden, Geh.
Delden
Delden, Ivan


11 regiments
11 regiments
10 regiments
= 9 foot & 1 dragoon

Positions opposite Ivangorod (right bank of Narova river)



Strekalov Stepan
Belgorod Streltzy



Elchaninov Vasiliy
Belgorod Streltzy, wounded on a sally from Ivangorod, later captured by Swedes & died



Sukharev Martemian
Belgorod Streltzy, killed on a sally from Ivangorod

0
0
3 regiments


29 regiments
29 regiments
30 regiments
= 2 Guards, 1 “old” & 18 “new” foot, 7 Streltzy, 2 Dragoons
 Also Russian army includes 3 mounted Corps/troops:
1. Gosudarev Polk = mounted levy of Moscow nobles (real strength & organization in Narva campaign 1700 are unknown, I will return to this question soon)
2. Polk Smolenskoy Szliahty = mounted levy of Smolensk nobles, 7 coys, 897 men (without servants)
3. Regiment of Novgorod reitars (in fact feudal levy) under Ivan Kokoshkin
First & second corps were on the left Russian flank under Sheremetev. Wolff placed Novgorod horses on the right bank of Narowa river opposite Ivangorod. Russian sources don’t mention their place.
My main concerns about Fer’s & Wolff’s BO are:
1. Place of Dragoons in the line of Russian infantry
2. Composition of the Trubetskoy’s Division
3. No troops on the positions on the right bank of Narowa river
So, I am not sure that Fer’s or Wolff’s battle order are 100% accurate.

3 комментария:

  1. Deuniz Sohn = Девсон, очевидно.
    3 стрелецких полка: Стрекалова, Елчанинова и Сухарева = 1735 человек в начале кампании, явно мало для обложения Ивангорода. Недаром к ним из центра подбросили тот самый полк (а может, не один?).

    Нет ли новостей по Государеву полку? У Устрялова "собственный полк фельдмаршала" - это он?

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    Ответы
    1. 1,7 тыс для обложения Ивангорода вполне достаточно, замок довольно небольшой. Плюс на военном совете 7/10 решили посылать на правый берег посменно по 500 чел.

      Полк фельдмаршала Головина - это Государев полк, смоляне и 3 "южных" стрелецких полка. По крайней мере, в указах о посылке стрельцов указано "в полк фельдмаршала Головина". Точной численности ГП я пока не нашел, но я надежды не теряю, и вполне возможно, что в каких-то более поздних документах по разборам и смотрам московских чинов удасться найти какие-то данные

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