среда, 17 ноября 2010 г.

Pskov Streltzy in 1700 campaign. Changes in their structure in 1630-1700s & colors in 1700.

Novgorod Division (Corps) under Prince Trubetskoy at Narva in 1700 included 2 Prikazes (regiments) of Streltzy from Pskov: Yuri Westov & Vasiliy Kozodavlev. They were of 5 “sotnia” (unit/coy of 100 men) each. Local Streltzy garrison in Pskov appeared in 16 century. In 1620-90s it’s strength increased from 1,000 to 2,000:
Company color of the 1st Pskov Streltzy Prikaz
under Ivan Kokoshkin, made in 1693
Lost in October 1700 at Izmen
(State Trophy Collection, Army Museum, Stokholm)

1626/27 – 2 Prikazes each of 5 Sotnia, totaled 1,000 Streltzy
1633 – 2 Prikazes (P. Nogin & N. Annenkov) each of 5 Sotnia, totaled 1,000 Streltzy plus started the forming of the 3rd Prikaz under F. Khomutov
1644 – 3 Prikazes (V. Kolobov, P. Turov & N. Loginov) totaled 13 Sotnia, 1,300 men
1653 – 3 Prikazes (I. Bukhvostov, I. Sumorokov, E. Ofrosimov), 13 Sotnia, real strength 1,010 men
1655 – 3 Prikazes (G. Veliashev, V. Butenev, I. Sumorokov) each of 5 Sotnia
1656 – 4th Prikaz created
1667 – 4 Prikazes (S. Sverbeev, A. Obrutin, M. Kozin, B. Kniazyn), 20 Sotnia, real strength 1,572 men
Company color of Pskov Streltzy
under D. Zagoskin (1699)
Lost in November 1700 at Narva
(Petrelli T.J. Narvatrofeer. Uppsala-Stockholm, 1907. Pl 1)
1677 - 4 Prikazes, 20 Sotnia
1680 – 5 Prikazes, 20 Sotnia (5, 2, 4, 5 & 4 per Prikaz). 5th Prikaz created from ex-soldiers of Novgorod foot regiment of New Model raised in 1657.
1687 – 4 Prikazes (S. Kozodavlev, S. Trofimov, V. Belevtcov, G. Burdukevich), 20 Sotnia, 2,000 men. 1st Prikaz had rights & privileges of Moscow Streltzy. Ex-soldiers from the disbanded 5th Prikaz were in the 4th Prikaz.
1699 – 2 Prikazes (D. Zagoskin, Y. Westov), 20 Sotnia, 1,919 real strength
In 1700 2 Prikazes of 1,000 were converted into 4 of 500. Two of them (Y. Westov, V. Kozodavlev) were at Narva, one was in expedition to Izmen & one, evidently, stayed in Pechory.
Colors of Pskov Streltzy are described in details in the Inventory of Pskov of 1699. Zagoskin’s Prikaz colors were decorated with State Eagle & images of saints. All 11 (regimental + 10 company’s) were of an individual pattern. Westov’s colors were azur & decorated with Pskov arms.  

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