среда, 27 апреля 2011 г.

GNW Campaign 1706, part V, Supplement

Malorussian Cossacks under I. Mazepa. Left-bank Ukraine was under Russian rule & officially called Malorussia. It was governed by a hetman elected by local officials & approved by a Tzar. Till 1709 hetman’s position was hold by Ivan Mazepa. Malorussia was divided into 10 territorial ‘pulk’s (districts), each provided a ‘pulk’ (corps or regiment) ab. 1,000-1,500 each (depended on district’s size & population). These troops were a kind of militia, mixed foot & mounted. Also hetman had enlisted troops, so-called ‘okhotchie’ (mounted – ‘kompaneyskie’; foot – serdutckie’). In 1705 Mazepa had on roll 5 mounted & 5-7 foot enlisted regiments, 300-500 each. As a rule hetman provided for a campaign about a half of his military forces, the rest stayed at home & guarded southern frontier. In autumn 1705 the Corps under hetman I. Mazepa in southern Poland consisted of:
- 2 dragoon coys of Hetman’s Guard (Russian troops raised in spring 1705; commanders were major L. Larionov & captain I. Pokhvistnev), 100 men each
- 6 territorial ‘pulk’s of Malorussian/Ukranian Cossacks (Starodubovskiy, col. Miklashewich; Pereyaslavskiy, col. Mirovich; Chernigovskiy, col. Polubotok; Gadyachskiy, col. Borukhowich; Poltawskiy; Mirgorodskiy, col. D. Apostoll), ab. 1,000-1,500 each
- 2 hetman’s foot (‘serdutckie’) enlisted regiments Pokotil & Samoylovich, ab. 400 each
- 2 hetman’s mounted (‘kompaneyskie’) enlisted regiments Tanskoy & Priym, ab. 400 each
Russian Corps under voevoda of Sevsk S. Nepluev. It consisted of Dragoon regiment M. Zybin, 5 Foot (I. Khotunski, G. Repiev, A. Ragozin, Y. Ragozin, M. Franck) & 2 Streltzy (G. Annenkov, V. Koshelev). Dragoon & foot troops were raised in spring 1705 in Sevsk from local recruits. Five foot regiments had paper strength of 4,800, but in reality they were much less due to desertion & problems with supply. In Dec-1705 three regiments were in garrison of Zamostie, one – in Luck, the rest with Nepluev near Brest.
Swedish Army of Courland & garrison of Riga.  They numbered 39 battalions of infantry (18 regiments & 3 independent battalions), 4 Reitar regiments (Abo, Karelska, Livlandska Adelsfan, Estlandska Adelsfan), 3 Dragoon regiments (Upplands Ståndsdragonregemente, Schlippenbach W-A, Schreitenfeldt G.C.) & 4 Dragoon battalions (Karelska, Oselska, Livlandska lantdragonbataljonens; Skogh G.R.). I don’t find clear split of the Swedish troops in Riga into Army of Courland under Lewenhaupt & Riga garrison. In January-1706 Lewenhaupt wrote that his Army of Courland numbered 5,000 of Foot & 3,000 Mounted.   

7 комментариев:

  1. You are writing faster than I can read, but keep it up. What was Patkul arrested for, in the previous post, by the Saxons?

  2. Your blog is outstanding for the precious informations shared. I need to let you know that I have nominated you for the "Stylish Blogger Award"

    All the best

    Fabrizio, from Italy

  3. Fantastico , complimenti !!
    I need to let you know that I have nominated you for the "Stylish Blogger Award"
    Te lo meriti !!

    That is Two.

  4. Thank you for the kind words! I really appreciate them!
    Patkul was arrested by Saxons because of his conflict with Saxon officials. It was a long story, maybe later I put it into the blog with all details. In short words Patkul was disappointed in Saxons as allies because of political issues & problems with supply for his Corps. He suggested Tzar to break the alliance with August & put his Corps into Austrian service. When Saxons recognized his purpose they arrested him & replaced by Wostomirski. Patkul was from Livland, so from legal side he was Swedish resident. In 1706 Saxons gave him to Swedes & he was executed as a traitor.

  5. And he was treated 'as traitor' because at the beginning of war Karl XII ordered that all his subjects (like German-speaking nobles from Livonia) serving in Russian or Saxon army were to return to Sweden ;)

  6. The most of the Russian stab-officers in the first half of GNW were of Swedish origin (nobles from Baltic provinces): Werdens, Treydens, Balcks, Gulitcs (Goltz), Schlipenbachs, etc... Do you know that Wolmar Schlipenbach's brother-in-law was a colonel on Russian service? & his son was a captain in Repnin Corps at Riga in 1701 & died on Lutzelholm island on 9 of July?

  7. So they were rather of German origin but also, at least technically, Swedish subjects ;) I guess we could find some in Lithuanian forces of that time as well.