According to paragraph 2 of the treaty signed with August the Strong at Birza (Birzen) on 26 Feb 1701 Peter the Great agreed to provide 15-20 000 of “good foot” with 2 regimental pieces per regiment for forthcoming campaign against Riga. Russian Auxiliary Corps under command of general Nikita Repnin consisted of 18 foot & 1 streltzy regiments, their exact strength at the start of campaign was 17 805 men. Troops left Novgorod on 4 May 1701 & in 3 columns marched to Kokenhausen, where arrived on June 20-25. There they were inspected by Saxon FM v. Steinau & GM Robel. Steinau wrote that “soldiers are of a good quality, armed with Lutich & Maastrich fusils, some regiments are with bayonets other with plug-in bayonets… officers are bad”. Below is a chart of the Russian regiments under Repnin from Marburg archive (http://www.digam.net/?dok=5754 ).
Saxon-Russian military council on June 23 decided that the most part of Russian Corps would stay at Kokenhausen with one Saxon foot regiment to build new fortifications & 4 (Junger, Rydder & T. Treyden foot, Westov Streltzy) regiments under colonel Junger would march to the main Saxon army at Riga.
|Proposed fortification around Kokenhausen|
(Swedish Military Archive)
On July 6 Repnin got order from Steinau immediately go to Riga with 9 Russian (Gulitz, Bush, Werden, Deidute, Sweiden, Bukhowen, Bils, Kuper) & the Saxon foot regiments because of news about Carl XII’s approach. Repnin & Saxon general Robel delayed the march & left Kokenhausen on July 7. On July 8 Carl XII crossed Dune river & defeated Saxon army under Steinay. Repnin & Robel were late for the battle & joined Steinau on the night 8-9 of July. Jongor’s regiments also didn’t participate at the battle. They were at the retrenchments on Duna river & Duna’s islands & retreated as soon as got news about Steinau’s defeat. Jungor joined Repnin on July 10th. He reported that a part of his troops stayed in several retrenchments around Riga:
- Augustburg (ex Dunamunde) – 3 coys from Jongor regiment under lieutenant-colonel Shwart, 1 coy from Rydder foot, 1 coy of Treyden foot
- Lutzelholm island: a coy from Jongor foot under captain Alferiy v. Shlippenbach (Heinrich, son of Emelian (Melchior IV) v. Shlippenbach, uncle of W.-A. v. Shlippenbach), 186 men, a coy from Treyden foot, captain Pazukhin, 102 men
- Shiff redoubt – 52 men
- Stern-schanze – 17 men
On the night 8-9 of July Russians on Lutzelholm were attacked by 500-men detachment from Riga garrison under colonel V. v. Helmersen & lieutenant-colonel Wrangel (both were killed). Evidently they were supported by additional troops (even Carl XII came on the island). Russians refused to surrender. “The fight was very sharp on all sides, the enemy make the desperate defense… the King saved the lives of 20 Russians, which were the only once sparred” (Adlerfeld, I, 80).
|Ruins of Kokenhausen by Broce|
Meanwhile Russians & Saxons had a military council on 9 (10?) of July. Steinau said that he would retreat to Bausk & further in Courland. Repnin refused because he had an order from Tzar not to move far from Russian frontier. He marched to Kokenhausen where took 6 regiments stayed there. Russians & Saxons demolished Kokenhausen castle & fortification & then Repnin marched to Pskov where arrived on Aug 16th. That day his troops numbered 16 824 men (17 805 at the start of the campaign in May). About 300 were destroyed at Lutzelhom & about 400-500 were cut-off in the garrison of Dunamunde. So, non-combat losses were around 200-300 men.
Russians under lieutenant-colonel Shwart evidently capitulated with Dunamunde garrison on Dec 21, 1701 & then returned to Russia (Shwart again mentioned on service in 1702).
# in Rabinovich
Strength on Aug 16 at Pskov
Took regiment from Krogh just before the campaign
138 & 139
Combined from 2 foot regiments raised in Novgorod in 1700; by August Rydder took Strausburg’s regiment, replaced by lieutenant-colonel Christopher Abrakham
By August replaced by D. Rydder
Died during the campaign, replaced by Andrew Schnewetc
Русский вспомогательный корпус Репнина в рижской кампании 1701 г.
Согласно статье 2 Бирженского договора от 26 февраля 1701 Россия обязалась отправить весной 1701 на соединение с польско-саксонской армией к Динобургу «от 15 до 20 тысяч удобной и благообученной пехоты… добрым оружием и достаточными припасами… на каждый полк по 2 пушки полковые, а на каждою пушку по 200 выстрелов». /ПиБ-1, № 365, с. 436/. Полки должны были снабжаться провиантом за счет саксонцев, вопрос подчинения русских войск в договоре зафиксирован не был, и Репнин должен был «приватно» узнать у саксонцев, останутся ли русские отдельным корпусом, или будут распределены по саксонским отрядам. Самому Репину предписано было «быть с королевскими войсками за волонтера», и учиться у них военному делу.