воскресенье, 6 февраля 2011 г.

Raising of the new dragoon regiments in 1701-02 (набор Золотой Палаты 1700-01)

After Campaign of 1700 Peter I decided to convert existing Reitar cavalry (gentry obliged to keep military service in return for land property & salary) into new Dragoon cavalry (personal obligation without any link with land fiefs). In December 1700 he announced revision of the gentry in 88 towns (regions) excluding Moscow, Novgorod, Pskov, Smolensk, Southern & Siberian towns. The Revision was done by department/ministry called “Zolotaya Palata” (Золотая Палата = Chamber of Gold). It was responsible for accounting of the state incomes. After it the raising of the new Dragoon regiments in 1701 also called “Nabor Zolotoy Palaty” (Набор Золотой Палаты = Chamber of Gold’s Recruitment). The Revision of 1700-01 gave 27 245 men, incl. 644 unfit for military service. They were divided into 2 ratings. 11 147 men were called on service right away in spring 1701. The rest stayed at homes but were obliged to join service at first call. In 1701-02 in Moscow were created 12 new Dragoon units:

Russian name
English name
# in Rabinovich
Name in 1706
1
Кропотов, Семен Иванович
Kropotov, Semen
543
Troitck
2
Мещерский, Никита Федорович
Mesherskiy, Nikita
544
Novgorod
3
Малина, Александр Александрович
De Mullin, Alexander
546
Sibir
4
Львов, Иван Иванович
Lvov, Ivan
550
Astrakhan
5
Жданов, Михаил Степанович
Zdanov, Mikhail
551
Vladimir
6
Шеншин, Данила Романович
Shenshin, Danila
549
Kazan
7
Новиков, Федор Аристович
Novikov, Fedor
548
Pskov
8
Полуэктов, Никита Иванович
Poluactov, Nikita
547
S-Peterburg
9
Рагозин, Афонасий Гаврилович
Ragozin, Afonasiy
545
Perm
10
Деолов, Петр Михайлович
De Olive, Peter
557
Tver
11
Малолетний полк
Juvenile or Youthful
552
-
12
Рота при Золотой Палате и Приказе Казанского Дворца
Chamber of Gold & Kazan Palace Dragoon coy
-
-

Notes:
·        Regiments (# 1-10) were of 10 coys, incl. 30-32 officers & about 1,000 other ranks.
·        Troops # 1-9 & # 11-12 were created in spring-summer 1701. De Olive’s regiment was created in spring 1702.
·        Regiments # 1-8 were sent in July-August 1701 to the Main army in Novgorod & Pskov. Regiment # 9 was sent in 1701 to Taganrog (near Azov) & in 1701-02 was called Reitar, not Dragoon.
·        Juveline regiment was created as a cadet school. In 1701-02 it was in Arkhangelsk, then disbanded, troops added to other regiments
Below are details about the Recruitment in Russian (number of noblemen by regions)
Сводные данные о разборе драгун в Золотой Палате, между 27 августа и 5 сентября 1701
Ист: Волынский Н.П. Ук. соч. Кн. 3, Приложение XXVII, № 1, с. 119-135 [ниже приведены только итоговые листы со сводными данными]



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