вторник, 19 октября 2010 г.

Ottoman army in Prut campaign of 1711

Russian spies reported in winter 1711 that Ottoman army would numbered 118,400 men

Troop
Strength
Janissaries
20,000
Cebeci
10,000
Topci
7,000
Top arabaci
1,500
Janissaries from Egypt
3,000
Rumelian infantry from Albanians & Bosnians (enlisted troops)
20,000
Total infantry
61,500
Sipahis & Silikhdars
20,000
Gedikly Sipahis
400
Zaims & Timariots
36,500
Total cavalry
56,900
TOTAL
118,400

Source: Военно-походный журнал фельдмаршала графа Б.П. Шереметева 1711 и 1712 гг. СПб., 1898. С. 9.
British ambassador Satton confirmed this amount in the end of 1710, but mentioned that real strength could be about 80,000. Later he mentioned that Albanian & Bosnian infantry numbered about 8,000 (instead of planned 20,000).
Russian relation about Prut campaign presented an other figures:
Troop
Strength
Janissaries
20,000
Cebeci & Top arabaci
10,000
Topci
7,000
Workers
1,400
Janissaries from Egypt (evidently both from Egypt & Damascus)
3,403
Bosnians & Albanians (enlisted)
20,000
Total infantry
61,803
Pasha’s household troops
20,170
Zaims & Timariots
17,873
4 Corps of Sipahis (kapu kulu)
17,773
Serdengectis
2,046
Total cavalry
57,862
TOTAL
119,665

French ambassador mentioned similar strength – 121,685,  the Austrian one – ab. 130,000.
In addition Crimean Tartars numbered about 70,000 of mounted Tartars & 1,000 of khan’s janissaries.  

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