понедельник, 30 мая 2011 г.

Etat des Sachsischen Infanterie, Anno 1705 (State of the Saxon infantry in 1705)


Searching for winter campaign 1705-06 materials in Russian archives I found a set of docs about Saxon & Prussian (!) armies in 1705. Among them is a doc called “Etat des Sachsischen infanterie” or State/Regulation of the Saxon infantry. It’s in German, hand-written, no remarks (not a draft copy). The doc doesn’t have a date.
The “Etat…” contains 24 battalions combined into 10,5 regiments. Regimental strength & composition are authorized, not real. Some weak infantry regiments of a single battalion were combined into a one regiment of 2 battalions of the authorized strength. Furstenberg is shown in 3 batts, but strength is given only for 2.
List of Saxon infantry regiments, 1705
(I combined several tables into one & added strengths; the order of the troops is the same as in the doc called “List…”):
Regiment
Battalions
Auth. strength
Regimental name
Comments
1
4
2,777
Garde

2
2
1,651
Malleraque
Had individual staff
3
2
1,390
Konigin

4
2
1,389
Kurprinz

5
2
1,388
Weissenfels

6
2
1,389
Furstenberg


1
Nd*
Furstenberg
* ? No ideas
7
1
1,389*
Venediger
*Strength for both batts

1
-*
Biron

8
2
1,389
Warkerbarth

9
1
1,390*
Wostromirski
*Strength for both batts

1
-*
Reust

10
1
1,390*
Drost
*Strength for both batts

1
-*
Reibnitz

-
1
690
Joyouse

10
24
16,132


Saxon infantry in 1705 got a new regulation. Regiment had authorized strength of 1,391 men in 16 coys (2 battalions). Company consisted of 85 men: Kapitan (stab-officers in 5 senior companies; these coys had additional Sous-lieutenants), Lieutenant (Kapitan-lieutenant in inhaber’s coy), Fahnrich, Feldwebel, Sergeant, Fourier, 2 Tambour, Knecht, 4 Korporal, 8 Grenadier, 64 Musketeer. So, a battalion had strength of 680 men. Regimental staff was 31 men (see for details outstanding Dan Schorr’s booklet on Saxons 1700-16 p. 19 or Schuster & Francke p. 163). Garde regiment was of 32 coys or 4 battalions. Malleraque (raised from French & Swiss PoWs) was of 12 coys of 128 men in each (incl. 98 privates). 

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