суббота, 9 февраля 2013 г.

Swedish troops in Baltic provinces, February 1700

The list below I made basing on a list of Muster Rolls (Rullors) from Swedish Krigsarkivet. There were 4,5 infantry & 2 cavalry regiments in the Baltic provinces at the start of the hostilities in the February of 1700. It gives 40 coys of infantry (6,000 men) & 10 coys of cavalry (1,000 men). Pay attention that Ingermanlandska garnisonsregimente under Henning Horn was of 12 coys, 11 in Narva & one in Reval. Livlandska Adelsfan in peacetime was of 4 coys only, Estlandska Rytters – 6. Rullors contain company commander’s names, colonels (ofverste) were also commanders of Leib-company (Lifkompaniet).
Riga, 20 coys
Guvernementsregementet i Riga, faltmarsalken Erik Dahlberg (8 coys): Lifkompaniet, ov. ljotn. Magnus von Helmersen, major Jakob Ranck, kaptens Johan Herman von Brandt, Karl Gustaf Lilliestierna, Herman Fredrik von Beckern, Klas von Helmersen, Johan Hagerflycht.  
Garnisonsregementet i Riga, Erik Soop (since April - generallojtnant Karl Gustaf Frolich) (8 coys): Lifkompaniet, ov. lojtn. Georg Johan Wrangel, major Karl Fredrik Coyet, kaptens Arvid Johan Kaulbars, Gustaf Fredrik Engelhardt, Jakob Kaulbar, Ake Ulfsparre, Ludvig Snoilsky
Nylands, ofverste Gottard Vilhelm von Budberg (4 coys): Lifkompaniet, major Ernst von Lode, kaptens Johan Stael von Holstein, Johan Brask
Pernau, ofverste Erik Pistolekor (4 coys): Lifkompaniet, ov. lojtn. Gustaf von Schwengelm, kaptens Magnus Gabriel Pistolekor, Karl Gustaf Leijonberg
Dorpat, ofverste Karl Gustaf Skytte (4 coys): Lifkompaniet, major Gustaf Wallenstadt, kaptens Barthold Meijercrantz, Magnus von Bromsen
Reval, a company under kapten Klas Jorgen Freiburg from Ingermanlandska garnisonsregimente
Narva, ofverste Henning Rudolf Horn (11 coys of Ingermanlandska garnisonsregimente): Lifkompaniet, ov. lojtn. Marten Hastesko, major Zakarias Franckenhjelm, kaptens Gideon Probsting, Karl Filip von Funcken, Frans Evald Fock, Magnus Stjernstrale, Gustaf Morath, Hakan Ekstrom, Henrik Johan von Drelteln, Karl Stjernstrale.
Livlandske adelsfanan, ofverste Evald Johan von Vietinghoff (4 coys): Lifkompaniet, ov. lojtn. Fredrik Vilhelm von Tiesenhausen, ryttmasters Otto Johan von Rosen, Helmich Wrangel
Estlandska varvade kav. regimente, ofverste Magnus Johan von Tiesenhausen (6 coys): Lifkompaniet, ryttmasters Reinhold Johan von Vietinghoff, Erik Johan Diederich, Kasimir Henrik von Glasenap, Georg Kristofer von Grabaus, Georg Reinhold von Tiesenhausen
Список шведских войск в балтийских провинциях, февраль 1700.
К началу военных действий в феврале 1700 шведы имели в балтийских провинциях 40 рот пехоты (6 тыс. чел.) и 10 рот кавалерии (1 тыс. чел.). Списки рот по полкам согласно спискам табелей из шведского военного архива приведены выше. Обратите внимание, что Ингерманландский гарнизонный полк Хеннинга Горна состоял из 12 рот, из которых 11 в Нарве и одна – в Ревеле. Также обратите вниание на неполные штаты в мирное время Лифляндского Адельсфана (4 роты вместо 8) и Эстляндского вербованного рейтарского (6 вместо 8) полков.

12 комментариев:

  1. A couple of notes:

    1. In Livonia there were garrisons in Pernau, Dorpat, Riga, Dünamünde, Kobron, Kokenhusen, Marienburg and Neuhausen.

    2. Apart from the above mentioned units a few Finnish regiments were also represented: Osterbotten infantry regiment (Col. Campenhausen), Abo infantry (v. Funcken) and Savolax infantry (Cronman). It would appear that there were 8 companies of the first, 2 of the second and 1 of the third (C. von Rosen, Bidrag... vol. II:2, p. 6).

    3. There was also an Estonian counterpart to "Livlandska Adelsfanan".

    1. Greetings Bengt! Thank you for your remarks.

      1. You are right. Garrison of Dunamunde was of Nylands battalion under Budberg. Kobron - a small detachment of 50 men. Adlerfeld mentioned captain Bildstein in Kobron, but according to my data there are no any Bildstein in any of Swedish regiments in Baltic provinces in spring of 1700. I don't find garrisons of Kokenhausen, Marienburg & Neuhausen in the beginning of 1700 (evidently they were about 50-100 men each). Do you have any about them?

      2. According to my data all Finish regiments (Osterbotten, Abo, Savolax, Tavastehus, Vyborg & 2nd bat of Nyland) were transferred to Baltic provinces in March of 1700. The post is about troops available
      in February

      3. I don't find any about Estonian part of the Adelsfan. The Rullor shows only 4 coys

  2. 1. Well, these rolls may not give the whole picture. Some records could have been lost. In Laidre's "Schwedischer Garnisonen..." his last set of complete data is from 1697. For 1698 and 1699 he has an estimate, based on rolls from different dates. His figure for 1699 is +5,433 men, but that does not include Arensburg (Osel) and Narva (because he doesn't cover Ingria). This figure is, of course, only for those regiments in garrison duty.

    2. Well, those parts that weren't already in Livonia. But some already were, particulary most of the Osterbotten infantry (see for example Petander's regimental history).

    3. No, it was a separate regiment (about 400 men). It took part in the Narva battle.

    1. Bengt, thank you very much for your remarks & comments. They are very useful. And I highly appreciate you for them.

      1. I don't have this Laidre's book. I know about it's Russian edition in 1980s, but can't catch it. Does it contain a table of garrisons strength?

      2. I checked my sources once more. I agree with you that Osterbotten was in Riga already in 1699. But I'm not sure about other troops. What sources are you based on?

      3. Do you know any about Estland Adelsfan strength in peacetime? As far as I understand Livland Adelsfan was 4 coys only

    2. 1. Yes, fairly detailed figures until 1697 and then estimates for 1698 and 1699.

      2. You have the others in the same roll volumes, particularly 1700:4. It starts with the two Åbo companies in January and February 1700 and later, then continues with Österbotten in April (when no new units from Finland had yet reached Riga), Nylands and finnaly with one company of Savolax infantry (also beginning of April).

      3. 400 men according to C. von Rosen, who probably used Nordensvan.

  3. The commander at Kobron was major Conrad von Bildstein. Until he was appointed to that position on 29 April 1695 he served in v. Funckens regiment (Abo). In vol. 1700:4 in the collection "Rullor 1620-1723" the very first item deals with the the two companies of v. Funcken's regiment and it states that 10 soldiers were stationed in Kobron in January and early February 1700. Image no 9 shows that 8 soldiers and a corporal returned to Riga in April. The small garrison at Kobron was most likely made up of similar small detachments from several regiments.

    1. I used Rullor Band 16. Abo is on p. 159:
      - major Johan von Wadenfelt
      - sek. major (?) Jonas von Sohmitten

  4. Well, I am not sure I understand exactly which volume that is. The collection is first divided according to year and then in volumes. For 1700 there are 20 volumes and no 4-8 deals with the Baltic provinces.

    I am also a bit puzzled about the part concerning Horn's regiment in Narva. Where did you find the company in Reval?

  5. Ok. The Freijburg company seems to be well documented as being in Reval at this time, particulary through a letter from Charles XII to Governor General Axel Julius de la Gardie on 10 March 1700. In it the King agrees that de la Gardie can use the company as the basis for the new regiment he has proposed to recruit.

    1. So, Swedes additionaly had in Baltic provinces in February 1700 at least the following troops:
      - Osterbotten (8 coys)
      - Abo (at least 2 coys)
      - Estland Adelsfan (4 coys?)

  6. Yes, plus one company of the Savolax and Nyslott infantry regiment. If you include Ingria there may have been a bit more, for example a very weak Ingrian "Adelsfana".