|De la Gardie's company colour|
Form L-E Hoglund & A.Salinas
"Great Northern war 1700-1721
Colours & uniforms" Vol. 1
De la Gardie regiment was raised through enlistment as a garrison regiment in Reval (Revalska garnisonsregementet also De la Gardie Estlandskt infanteriregemente). Royal patent was issued on 10 March 1700. Regimental chief was Estland governor Axel Julius De la Gardie, colonel – Adam Carl De la Gardie. The regiment was created on the basis of kapten (captain) Klaus Jurgen Freiburg’s company of Narva regiment (Garnisonsregementet i Narva) which stayed in the garrison of Reval by the beginning of 1700. It's commander Freiburg was a real creator of the new regiment. He entered Swedish service in 1666 as a volunteer of the Tavastahus läns inf. reg. In 1668 he was promoted to Förare in the same regiment, in 1674 became a Sergeant in Ture Oxenstjernas regt. In 1675 he was promoted to a Lieutenant again in Tavastahus läns inf. reg., then in 1677 – Captain-Lieutenant (confirmed 1678), in 1678 – Captain (confirmed 1680). In 1684 he transferred in the same rank to the Garnisonsregiment i Narva. For his efforts in the creation of the new regiment he was promoted to a Lieutenant-Colonel rank in the summer of 1700, skipping the Major rank. In 1700-1708 he served in De la Gardie regiment & died at Lesnaya in 1708.
|Grenadier of Dannenfeld company|
of De la Gardie regiment
(Drawing by Sergey Shamenkov, link)
By October of 1700 the regiment consisted of 8 coys in Reval: Lifkompaniet (kapiten-lieutenant v. Klaus Dannenfeld), ov.lojt. Klaus Jurgen Freyburg, major Jurgen von Stahlen, kaptens Johan Jurgen Gyllenbock, Otto Magnus Wolffelt, Berendt Jorgen v. Tiesenhausen, David Filip v. Hertzog, Konrad Herman v. Muhlen. It’s actual strength is unknown. The Lifkompaniet (Leib-company) under kapiten-lieutenant v. Klaus Dannenfeld (captain in 1703, confirmed in the rank on 6 March 1705) evidently composed of grenadiers, see more about it here (link). In autumn of 1701 a battalion (4 coys) of De la Gardie regiment was detached to the Schlipenbach’s Army of Livland. In December of 1701 it stationed far from Erestfer & happily avoided a defeat. Next year (1702) one battalion under A.C. De la Gardie was with Shlipenbach’s army, the second under Freiburg – with Cronhiort.