Bengt Nilsson mentions about Cronhjort’s campaign on Russian-Swedish border in Dec. 1700-Jan. 1701 in his fine article (click). I find some additional materials about them, incl. description of the siege of Saari. All dates in my post are in new style (+10 days to the dates in Nilsson’s one)
|Swedish army of Ingermanland,|
Состав и численность шведской
армии Крониорта, фев-март 1701
(Karl XII pa slagfaltet... S. 361-362)
Cronhjort’s army was about 5,100 men in February-March of 1701, incl. 2,700 of cavalry & 2,400 of foot troops with 8 cannons. Nilsson mentions that Cronhjort had 4,600 men in his campaign in January. Evidently he left some infantry (ab. 500) in garrisons of Nien & Noteburg.
In the beginning of January of 1701 Cronhjort crossed the frontier river Lawa & occupied some Russian villages including Saari. It was a small village of 6 farmsteads & a small estate of local gentry. His main task was getting contributions & supplies. And after some days Swedes decided to turn back.
Meanwhile Russians sent a detachment under kniaz Putiatyn to protect the border villages. It consisted of 1,500 of Novgorod mounted feudal levy & 400 Streltzy. They came to Saari some days after Swedes left it. Putiatyn took positions in the estate of Saari & sent raiding parties to the Swedish territory.
When Cronhjort got news about Russian troops on 27 January 1701, he decided to turn back to Saari. Swedes approached it on next days (28 Jan 1701). Russian waited them in the field. After a short resistance Russian cavalry fled to Ladoga with a loss of about 20 men, while Streltzy retreated to the estate & fortified there.
Swedes made an assault on the estate but were repealed. Small field pieces were useless against thick wooden walls. All attempts to set fire to them were without results. Russian sources mentioned 12 skirmishes & assaults on Saari with the total loss of about 200 men from Swedish side. Cronhjort wrote about at least 3 unsuccessful assaults: on 28 January, on 31 January & on 2 February. The last resulted in the loss of 81 Swedes killed & wounded.
Cronhjort asked for mortars & they arrived on 5 February, but the same day Streltzy escaped from Saari & undiscovered retreated to Ladoga. Swedes stayed several days at Saari & then returned back.
Бои на реке Лавуе и осада Шум (Саари), январь 1701 г.
В своей статье Б. Нильссон упомянул оборону деревни Шум (Сара или Саари) в январе 1701 и дал шведскую версию событий (см подробнее). В русских источниках также сохранились упоминания об этих боях, причем в распросных речах сумского стрельца Ануфрия Кашкина (см документ ниже) приведены довольно красочные подробности тех событий. Все даты в моем тексте даны по новому стилю.